Ballet by John Neumeier
based on the novel by Alexandre Dumas

For Marcia


  Frédéric Chopin
  John Neumeier
  Jürgen Rose

2 intermissions - 3 hours


World Premiere
Stuttgart Ballet, Stuttgart, November 4, 1978


Original Cast    
Marguerite Gautier
  Marcia Haydée
Armand Duval
  Egon Madsen
Manon Lescaut
  Birgit Keil
Des Grieux
  Richard Cragun
Prudence Duvernoy
  Jean Allenby
Gaston Rieux
  Vladimir Klos
Nanina   Ruth Papendick
Monsieur Duval   Reid Anderson
Olympia   Nora Kimball
The Duke   Marcis Lesins
Count N.   Mark A. Neal


Premiere in Hamburg
The Hamburg Ballet, February 1, 1981


Original Hamburg Cast    
Marguerite Gautier
  Marcia Haydée
Armand Duval
  Kevin Haigen
Manon Lescaut
  Lynne Charles
Des Grieux
  Jean-Christophe Maillot
Prudence Duvernoy
  Marianne Kruuse
Gaston Rieux
  Ivan Liska
Nanina   Beatrice Cordua
Monsieur Duval   François Klaus
Olympia   Chantal Lefèvre
The Duke   Victor Hughes
Count N.   Mark Diamond


On Tour
1981 Munich 1987 Berlin (East), Copenhagen 1995 Dresden 1996 Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo 1997 Fukuoka, Nagoya, Omiya, Osaka, Tokyo 2001 Palermo 2003 St. Petersburg 2004 Baden-Baden 2007 Los Angeles 2009 Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Nishinomiya, Yokohama 2012 St. Petersburg 2014 Vienna

In the Repertory
American Ballet Theater
Ballet de l'Opéra National de Paris
Bavarian State Ballet
Corpo di Ballo del Teatro alla Scala
Dresden Semperoper Ballet
Stuttgart Ballet



Marguerite Gautier has died. The contents of her luxurious apartment are to be disposed of by auction. Nanina, her faithful servant, takes leave of the familiar apartment for the last time. Curious visitors, buyers, acquaintances and friends of the deceased enter, among them the older Monsieur Duval, to examine the appointments. A young man - Armand Duval - rushes desparately into the room: He collapses. Duval recognizes his son and lovingly supports him. Overcome by memories Armand begins to tell his story.

Act 1
It begins in the Theatre-des-Variete, during a performance of the ballet Manon Lescaut, the famous drama of a rococo courtesan torn between love of luxury and love itself. Marguerite Gautier - one of the most beautiful and desirable courtesans in Paris - was in the audience. Moved by Manon's plight but disgusted by her infidelity, she refused to accept Manon as her own reflection. Armand, who had admired Marguerite from afar, was introduced to her for the first time that night. As he followed the ballet he feared that his own future may reflect Des Grieux's tragic fate.

After the performance Marguerite decided to amuse herself - by inviting Armand to her apartment. Marguerite used Armand to annoy the boring young Count N.  A coughing fit overcame Marguerite. Armand offers his help and, overcome by emotion, confessed his love for her. Although touched by his passionate declaration, Marguerite aware of her fatal illness and consequent need for luxury kept him at a distance.

However, their relationship deepened. Hurrying from ball to ball, from admirer to admirer Marguerite continued her luxurious life, but Armand was always waiting for her - even following her to the idyllic country house the Duke had put at her disposal.

Act II
In the country, Marguerite continued her turbulent way of life at the Duke's expense. Inevitably, a confrontation took place between the Duke and Armand. For the first time Marguerite made a choice, defending her lover in the presence of everyone and rejecting a life of wealth and security. The Duke left indignantly. Armand and Marguerite were alone at last.

Overcome by the thought that this happiness is long past, Armand collapses anew. His father, deeply affected, remembers with some shame the role tat he played in the story.

Hearing of the life that his son was leading,  he visited Marguerite in her country house unbeknownst to Armand, and demanded that she leave Armand. Marguerite proved her deep and sincere love for Armand by giving him up. Armand tells his father how he found the house empty on his return.

He waited for Marguerite in vain until Nanina brought him a letter from her saying that she must break off with him and return to her former life style. Unbelieving, he hurried to Paris and found her - in the arms of the Duke.

Some time later they met by chance on the Champs-Elysees. Marguerite is accompanied by another beautiful courtesan, Olympia, to whom Armand immediately paid court, trying to strike back at Marguerite out of his deep sense of hurt.

Deathly ill Marguerite visited one last time to bag him to stop humiliating her. Their passion ignites once more. But, a nightmare vision of Manon tortured Marguerite when they fall asleep. On waking, she decided to honor her promises and silently left her beloved Armand for the second time.

Later he publicly offended her at a grand ball by handing her an envelope full of money - "payment" for her service. Deathly ill, she collapsed.

Armand has now reached the end of his narrative to which his father, much moved, has listened. They part. When Armand is alone Nanina brings him Marguerite's diary. Armand starts to read it and learns of her deep and sincere love and of the rapid disintegration of her health. Reading, he seems to accompany her on her last visit to the theatre to see Manon Lescaut. In the ballet, Manon impoverished dies of exhaustion in the arms of her faithful lover Des Grieux, who had followed her into exile.

Ill and despairing, Marguerite must leave the theatre, but the ballet's characters appear in her feverish dreams. She longs to see Armand one last time but dies alone and in poverty. Armand silently closes her diary.


Music by Frédéric Chopin

excerpt from Largo, from the Sonata in B minor, Op. 58

Act I
Second Concerto pour le piano avec orchestre f-Moll op. 21

Act II
Valse No. 1 in A-flat major, Op. 34

3 Écossaises, Op. 72

Valse No. 3 in F major, op. 34

?Largo, from the Sonata in B minor, Op. 58

Préludes No. 2 in A minor, No. 17 in A-flat major, No. 15 in D-flat major, from 24 Préludes, Op. 28

excerpt from Largo, from the Sonata in B minor, Op. 58

Prélude No. 2 in A minor, No. 24 in D minor from 24 Préludes, Op. 28

Grande fantaisie sur des airs polonais pour le piano avec orchestre in A major, Op. 13, Largo ma non troppo, Andantino, Vivace

Ballade No. 1 in G minor, Op. 23

Andante spianato in E-flat major, Op. 22

Grande polonaise brillante in E-flat major, Op. 22

second movement, Romance, from the Piano Concerto No. 1 in E minor, Op. 11

excerpt from Largo, from the Sonata in B minor, Op. 58



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